Pregnancy after 40 years is a serious step that not every woman decides to take. That is why the question of the use of contraceptives is of great importance, among which contraceptive pills are considered the most effective.Pregnancy and childbirth in adulthood can be accompanied by serious health risks, as well as an increased likelihood of developing pathologies in the fetus. If used correctly, the pills can provide the maximum contraceptive effect, as well as complete safety for the female body.
Premenopause is the initial stage of the extinction of female reproductive function, which is most often observed in women after reaching the age of 40. During this period, there is a violation of the usual menstrual cycle, deterioration of the ovaries, the production of female sex hormones slows down. In most cases, the duration of menopause can be 5-10 years.
The main symptoms of premenopause: frequent "hot flashes"; excessive sweating; violations of the normal menstrual cycle and a change in the amount of discharge during menstruation; decreased sex drive; excessive dryness of the vaginal mucosa, which can cause pain and discomfort during sex; increased urge to urinate.
Also, the period of menopause is accompanied by vaginal discharge, in which you can see curdled lumps, heaviness and discomfort in the mammary glands, weakness and increased fatigue.
Premenopause is accompanied by hormonal imbalance in the female body, the development of osteoporosis, weight gain, deterioration of the vaginal microflora, as well as the condition of the skin, nails and hair.
Contraceptive pills after 40 years help to normalize hormonal levels in the body, since they contain analogs of female sex hormones - in particular, ethinyl estradiol, which is an analogue of estrogen. Such drugs lead to the normalization of the menstrual cycle.
Oral contraceptives after 40 years of age are used not only to prevent unwanted pregnancy, but also to treat many gynecological diseases.
Due to the increased content of estrogen, the tablets stop the growth of uterine fibroids, eliminate increased vaginal dryness, relieve a woman from pain and discomfort during intimacy.
In some cases, contraceptives for women after 40 years of age cause side reactions: Swelling of the lower extremities. Disappearance of menstruation. Headaches and dizziness. Nausea. Increase in body weight. That is why only a doctor should be involved in the selection of contraceptive drugs, who will definitely conduct a preliminary gynecological examination, taking into account the age and state of health of the patient. Rules for the selection of hormonal contraception for women after 40 years Before using contraceptives for women after 40 years, it is imperative to consult a gynecologist, as an incorrectly selected drug can seriously disrupt the hormonal balance in the body. Among the most popular and effective contraceptives are combined oral pills and gestagenic hormonal agents. Each of the drugs has a list of its advantages and contraindications for use. Features of combined oral contraceptives Contraceptive pills - which is better to choose after 40 years? This question arises for many women of mature age who want to prevent unwanted pregnancies. The pharmaceutical market offers a huge number of birth control pills that can be used after reaching the age of 40: Jess - new generation birth control pills that inhibit ovulation, prevent pregnancy and stop the growth of fibroids. Marvelon - guarantee reliable protection against unwanted conception, has a pronounced androgenic effect, thanks to which the condition of the skin, hair and nails is noticeably improved. Trizistone - due to the pharmacological properties of the drug, a so-called plug of thick mucus is formed, which prevents the fertilization of the egg. Silest - stops the ovulation process, which makes pregnancy impossible. Triquilar - changes the hormones in the female body, increasing their production, as a result of which pregnancy is prevented. It is recommended to start taking combined oral contraceptives from the first day of menstruation for 3 weeks, after which you should pause for 7 days and continue taking the drug. The use of gestagenic hormonal contraceptives Progestogenic hormonal contraceptives do not contain estrogen, their pharmacological action is provided by a minimum amount of progesterone. This results in a gentle, gentle contraceptive effect. Contraceptive pills from the group of gestagenic hormonal contraceptives are approved for use by women who smoke, as well as patients suffering from hypertension and diseases of the cardiovascular system. Such drugs must be taken at a strictly defined time, avoiding deviations for more than 1-2 hours. The tablets are taken regularly, without interruption. Mini-Pills: Advantages and Disadvantages Mini-Pills are birth control pills that cause a thick mucus plug to form, which prevents sperm from entering and further pregnancy. Answering the question which contraceptive pills are best to take after 40 years, it should be remembered that such drugs are less effective than combined oral contraceptives, but also a smaller list of contraindications and side effects. The main advantages of mini-pills: do not lead to a decrease in sexual desire; eliminate the signs of PMS; relieve pain and discomfort during menstruation; a month after the end of taking the mini-pili, you can plan a pregnancy.
But these contraceptive pills also have several significant disadvantages, among which are the lack of protection against sexually transmitted diseases, an increased likelihood of ectopic pregnancy, as well as the possible appearance of a bloody discharge from the genital tract.
Exluton is a new generation drug, in which the main active ingredient is linestrenol. It is not recommended to take at the same time with antibiotics, as this can reduce the contraceptive effect. It can cause side effects in the form of attacks of nausea and vomiting, vaginal discharge, and skin rashes.
Microlut - stops the process of egg maturation, normalizes the menstrual cycle, relieves pain during menstruation. Contraindications for use are renal pathology and obesity. After the end of the course of admission, the ability to bear children is restored within a month.
Charosetta - the main active ingredient is desogestrel, which stops the process of maturation and fertilization of the egg. The drug is approved for use during breastfeeding, in the presence of cardiovascular and renal pathologies.
Emergency contraceptives are recommended for use in emergencies - for example, if a condom breaks, or during accidental intercourse.
Birth control pills after 40 years are an effective way to prevent unwanted pregnancies, normalize the menstrual cycle and improve hormones in the body.